�0}�W�GEV{q��Q���(|��^�kq�ÿ�U��N�N�9a4Uh�sp4�����C�6��]E�z��{�ɚ�4�Si�=&:J�f[��MZB�T�P��Y$���H�D�e�~2P)���\Btƾqg_k��}�SY[����,݅��A��1)���g��x`�����ߎL�.t�|#���y��G� /Group <> of each syllable in a word, learning pronunciation rules for graphemes, and accumulating the pronunciation rules that have been learned [Zhang, 1993a]. x��W�N�@}���G["���WBHIp�T@)�O���J�֤���S:�$����V�xe{Μ��10������d~ ��Ɨ/����x��80�� Vk���=��Ϭ�{� ~���~/%[H�' %`^�� �Nhbx�\�B���q�����

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/q(i0�K�KR����1�2�RF���~�̠� ���S�f�52W��+Ř���LiL�WMpp�5��T#P�cڕ�V��}�i��d�=��~��-(߆7�+M��K���J�u�o�% party puppy candy bunny funny pony turkey happy cherry tiny penny city baby x��\[��Ʊ~W���*�� @vmE�%�ĉ���'�EL�*$V:��8}�+��b�ص$̥����랆�>?���n?f����8v���2�������������j��������wF��_}w�/.�?��^����k� �������

stream /Group <> �_du��e���K������\gW�Ǐ��M� ~�6;^������G�l��߳�|�����Ǐ����Տ/�� �_܎���4�ooLjrK�*T^�YU�,�\�����ϺRLbt��}�x�d. 1 0 obj English Pronunciation Part One The Sound System of English Chapter 0 The Symbols 01 Familiar Consonant Symbols Voiced Voiceless [b] boat verb [p] post stop [d] deed lead [t] tease seat [g] god dog [k] kiss sick case doc [v] verb brave [f] fish leaf [M] those smooth [L] thief teeth [z] zoo ooze [s] sick kiss cease nice [I] usual pleasure [N] shake cash How "Y" is pronounced in an English word. <>>>] x�mO�j1}߯8��8I�f�x)���ϫ���Mp�.���mW-�0��93���H�.�8����3�AXB��X�/�?�+�¤��鿰i��{{1�&�?~��B���>���@~E.����X;���x��.R�ǶM �uB��}b�uu���JcHZR�*�N���k��:���"E�������7ӲO� <>

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endobj You’ve also looked for the rules in this guide but maybe for this one word they don’t quite fit. endobj endstream The Sometimes, specific sequences of letters can alert the reader to the possible pronunciation required; for example, note the letter sequences shown as ‘hollow letters’ in this guide as in �(�� F���@7��a����C!���n6�q�. endobj endobj So you’ve encountered a new word and don’t know the spelling. /Contents 14 0 R>> /Group <> stream <>

<>>>] trailer << /Size 16 /Info 1 0 R /Root 6 0 R /Prev 8056 /ID[<756c87ee737f7192d53fa80789cb6282><756c87ee737f7192d53fa80789cb6282>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 6 0 obj << /Pages 2 0 R /Type /Catalog /DefaultGray 3 0 R /DefaultRGB 4 0 R >> endobj 14 0 obj << /S 36 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 15 0 R >> stream endobj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> In this paper, we present a learning procedure called LEP-G.1 (learning to pronounce English graphemes) that learns English pronunciation rules from examples in the form of word-pronunciation pairs.

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m����̮��b��]��O7_n&��bk:��|��N�RB����A�(B��Υh 0000001175 00000 n %���� endstream endobj In a two-syllable word, "y" is pronounced as [i:]. English alphabet, the sounds that may be produced are almost double that number. 1 0 obj endobj %PDF-1.5 It is also a significant part of communicative competence. feedback on English pronunciation that are actually appropriate for learners to learn English pronunciation easily and effectively. 15 0 obj

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<>>>] 0000004883 00000 n 3 Good readers don't “sound out” words. <>>>] 4 0 obj <>

2 There are no rules to English pronunciation. endobj

Before looking at the rules we need to look at some basics that will get you out of trouble time and time again! 3 0 obj There are rules for pronunciation of English words — they are seldom taught. <> endobj <> endobj

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endobj Some Pronunciation Rules for English Words I.

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endobj endobj stream <> Intelligibility of English is mandatory in the global world.

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In a one-syllable word, "y" is pronounced as [ai].

"Y" is pronounced either as [ai] or [i:].

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endobj Here are some myths about the English language and phonics. According to Hismanoglu (2006), pronunciation instruction is very important for oral communication. H�c``�d``�� ��(- ��P�� ���{ ���-�=� ��� endstream endobj 15 0 obj 47 endobj 7 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 2 0 R /Resources << /XObject << /im1 13 0 R >> /Font << /F0 8 0 R /F1 9 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB ] >> /Contents 10 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 595 842 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 595 842 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /Name /F0 /BaseFont /TimesNewRoman,Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /Name /F1 /BaseFont /TimesNewRoman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Filter /LZWDecode /Length 11 0 R >> stream