He was mostly known though as a good ghost-writer. Her first independent film, The Love of Sunya, in which she costarred with John Boles and Pauline Garon, opened the Roxy Theatre in New York City on March 11, 1927 (Swanson was pictured in the ruins of the Roxy on October 14, 1960, during the demolition of the theater in a famous photo taken by Time-Life photographer Eliot Elisofon). Required fields are marked *. [50] He proposed to personally bankroll her next picture and conducted a thorough examination of her financial records. Farmer was a man of independent financial means who seemed to not have been employed. [137], During the production of Madame Sans-Gêne, Swanson met her third husband Henri, Marquis de la Falaise (commonly known as Henri de la Falaise),[139] who had been hired to be her translator during the film's production. Should you have information that conflicts with anything shown please make us aware by email.

Hated acting in slapstick comedy, which was pretty much all of her early career. [135] The public sensationalism led to Swanson having a "morals clause" added to her studio contract. Gloria May Josephine Swanson (/ˈswɑːnsən/; March 27, 1899 – April 4, 1983) was an American actress, singer, and producer best known for her role as Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star, in the critically acclaimed 1950 film Sunset Boulevard.

Explore how the celebrity world connects. While on a tour of the studio, she asked to be in the movie just for fun. In 1925, she starred in the first French-American co-production, Madame Sans-Gêne, directed by Léonce Perret. Profession: Actress, Producer Known For: Being a glamorous Hollywood star during the 1920s Salary: Under review Net Worth: USD $5 million (approx) Family & Relatives. Her schoolgirl crush on Essanay Studios actor Francis X. Bushman led to her aunt taking her to tour the actor's Chicago studio. My marriage to Henri gave me the only real peace and happiness I had ever known—or have ever known since. She attended Hawthorne Scholastic Academy.

[5], Her family once again residing in Chicago, the adolescent Gloria developed a crush on actor Francis X. Bushman and knew he was employed by Essanay Studios in the city. "[123], Wallace Beery and Swanson married on her 17th birthday on March 27, 1916, but by her wedding night she felt she had made a mistake and saw no way out of it. [18] She made six pictures under the direction of DeMille,[19] including Male and Female[20] (1919) in which she posed with a lion as "Lion's Bride". [83] During the scene leading up to Cecil B. DeMille's cameo, where Max chauffeurs Desmond to the studio, her Isotta-Fraschini luxury automobile was towed from behind the camera because Stroheim had never learned to drive.

In 1956, Swanson made Nero's Mistress which also starred Vittorio de Sica and Brigitte Bardot. Before her death, she sold her archives including photographs, copies of films and private papers to the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas in Austin. [157], Swanson and Farmer divorced in 1934 after she became involved with married British actor Herbert Marshall.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Their daughter, Gloria Swanson Somborn (October 7, 1920-December 28, 2000), was born in 1920. The second largest collection of Swanson material is held in the archives of Timothy Rooks. [61] The film was a melodrama, complete with musical numbers sung by Swanson and completed in 21 days. [170] Swanson testified on Lennon's behalf at his immigration hearing in New York City, which led to his becoming a permanent resident.

Her last acting role was in the made-for-TV horror film Killer Bees in 1974, though she also appeared as herself in the movie Airport 1975, the same year.

... "final solution" for the Jews was taking place. [119], In 1964, Swanson spoke at a "Project Prayer" rally attended by 2,500 at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. [114] Swanson and her husband first got to know John Lennon and Yoko Ono because they were fans of Dufty's work. She produced and starred in the 1928 film Sadie Thompson, earning her a nomination for Best Actress at the first annual Academy Awards. FameChain has their amazing trees. [51] Upon his advice, she fired most of her staff and sold her rights for The Love of Sunya and Sadie Thompson to Art Cinema Corporation. He became a film executive representing Pathé (USA) in France. Her sixth husband William Dufty was a writer who worked for many years at the New York Post, where he was assistant to the editor from 1951 to 1960. [35] United Artists had its own Art Cinema Corporation subsidiary to advance financial loans for the productions of individual partners.

Gave birth to her 2nd child at age 33, a daughter Michele Bridget Farmer (aka, Was considered for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in. [60] Written by Edmund Goulding, with Laura Hope Crews fine-tuning the dialogue, Kennedy approved funding for the go-ahead on the production. Child's father was her 2nd husband, Herbert K. Somborn. During the early 1920s, she had a falling-out with close friend. In the episode, the Clampetts mistakenly believe Swanson is destitute and decide to finance a comeback movie for her - in a silent film. [In 1922] I have gone through a long apprenticeship. I have gone through enough of being a nobody.

1965, Elizabeth Taylor{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Elizabeth Taylor", "gender": "Female" } Nationally syndicated columnist Suzy called it "one of the worst movies ever made. Her father was a Swedish American and her mother was of German, French, and Polish ancestry.

She was forced to remarry Farmer the following November, by which time she was four months pregnant with Michelle Bridget Farmer, who was born in 1932.

[105] Kennedy wrote the script for the play A Goose for the Gander, which began its road tour in Chicago in August 1944. [172] After Swanson's death, Dufty returned to his former home in Birmingham, Michigan. [33], She turned down a one-million-dollar-a-year (equivalent to $14,700,000 in 2019)[9] contract with Paramount to join the newly created United Artists partnership on June 25, 1925, accepting a six-picture distribution offer from president Joseph Schenck. Swanson was born Gloria Josephine May Swanson on March 27, 1899 in a small house in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Adelaide (née Klanowski) and Joseph Theodore Swanson, a soldier. The Democratic party contender for President. He took over all of her personal and business affairs and was supposed to make her millions. Her father was of Swedish descent. Upon her 1983 death, much of the remainder of her holdings were purchased by UT-Austin at an auction held at the Doyle New York gallery. She was born on March 27, 1899 at Chicago, Illinois, United States. Known for her extravagant lifestyle, it was reported that she earned $8,000,000 between 1918 and 1929 and spent nearly all of it. [163] In the subsequent legal separation proceedings, the judge ordered him to pay Swanson alimony. [69] Made entirely at Ealing Studios, it co-starred Laurence Olivier as Swanson's on-screen husband. [151], After the marriage to Henri and her affair with Kennedy was over, Swanson became acquainted with Michael Farmer, the man who would become her fourth husband.

[168][169] Swanson shared her husband's enthusiasm for macrobiotic diets, and they traveled widely together to speak about nutrition. Swanson told actor Dirk Benedict about macrobiotic diets when he was battling prostate cancer at a very young age.

All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. [148] The group nicknamed her "Big Chief". 1956, Marilyn Monroe{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Marilyn Monroe", "gender": "Female" }

Underwent an abortion in 1917 during her marriage to. He was the co-author (ghostwriter) of Billie Holiday's autobiography Lady Sings the Blues, the author of Sugar Blues, a 1975 best-selling health book still in print, and the author of the English version of Georges Ohsawa's You Are All Sanpaku. All creative people should be required to leave California for three months every year. During this divorce in 1923 Swanson adopted a baby boy named Sonny Smith (1922-1975) and renamed him Joseph Patrick Swanson. Biography in: "The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives." When I die, my epitaph should read "She Paid the Bills".