Kashrut is a set of dietary laws dealing with the foods that Jews are permitted to eat and how those foods must be prepared according to Jewish law. In tabling the report, committee chairman Sam Dastyari said, "Some certifiers are nothing more than scammers." This may refer to: either something sacred to which access is forbidden to the people who are not in a state of purity or who are not initiated into the sacred knowledge, or to an evil thus "sinful action that is forbidden to be done". [41], In May 2015, the Australian Senate announced it would inquire into "third-party certification of food" [42] with one of the terms of reference being an examination of Australian food certification schemes, and certifiers, including those related to halal foods. Extensions of these rulings are issued, as fatwas, by mujtahids, with varying degrees of strictness, but they are not always widely held to be authoritative. [37] [38] The case was settled out of court in 2017. [7] The federal Department of Agriculture approves the certification of halal food for export to Islamic countries.

[34], In 2014 anti-halal-certification groups campaigned against Australian food companies in an attempt to discourage them from having their food certified as being halal . [48], The inquiry could not establish detailed information on names and numbers of non-meat product certifiers. There has traditionally been a disharmony between the Norwegian food traditions and availability of halal meat, the latter often only being provided for Middle Eastern cuisine.

A Halal Snack Pack is a fast food dish, popular in Australia, which consists of halal-certified doner kebab meat and chips. [22] It states that the prices vary "depending on the product involved, the organisation from which certification is sought and whether the goods are for export or domestic consumption. [44] It said that it had heard, "credible reports suggesting that the lack of regulation has been unscrupulously exploited".

[44] It also concluded that the fees do not increase the cost of food to Australians, and that the availability of halal certification allows Australian exporters to access very large international markets. Of that earlier 2.2% figure, "some estimate more than half are non-practicing" cultural Muslims stemming from all the varying denominations and sects of Islam present in Australia. Governments regulate ritual slaughter, primarily through legislation and administrative law. It recommended that the federal government increase its oversight of domestic halal certifiers to address fraudulent conduct in the sector. However, the fees are often modest."