Lee refused to relinquish the initiative, however, and issued plans for a massive frontal assault on the Union center the following day. He returned from the war after receiving a serious leg wound and spent the next several years in uneventful peacetime service. He is most famous for leading a daring bombing raid over Tokyo in 1942, ...read more, James Polk (1795-1849) served as the 11th U.S. president from 1845 to 1849. Longstreet performed admirably in his new role. Still, his assault in the afternoon on July 2 virtually destroyed the Union army of the Potomac's III Corps but failed to capture the prominent Round Tops that dominated the Union position. While he was known as an affable cadet, Longstreet was not a particularly good student, and finished 54th in his class of 56. During this time, he ordered a group of African-American militia soldiers to quell a riot by a white citizens’ group—a move that only further damaged his reputation in the South. In 1897 Longstreet married Helen Dortch, a woman over 40 years his junior. He was the fifth child of his parents and their third son.

02 November 2020. Following his graduation from West Point Longstreet was commissioned as a brevet second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Infantry. Longstreet would spend much of his later life defending himself against repeated attacks from these critics, who argued that his slowness in mobilizing his troops and his disagreements with Lee represented a betrayal of the Confederacy. His men held their ground in defensive roles at Antietam and Fredericksburg.

Many of Longstreet’s most famous victories came in the months after Robert E. Lee assumed command of Confederate forces in mid-1862. View NGE content as it applies to the Georgia Standards of Excellence. By making creative use of the terrain, digging trenches and constructing fieldworks, Longstreet’s forces were able to withstand repeated offensives from the Union Army, resulting in a convincing Confederate victory. Unhappy serving under Bragg, Longstreet and his men were sent back to Lee. Longstreet's tenure in the Western Theater was marred by his central role in numerous conflicts amongst Confederate generals. His parents owned a cotton plantation. During the Battle of Antietam—the single bloodiest day of the Civil War—Longstreet mounted a defensive stand in which his army repelled a Union force nearly two times its size. The son of a successful farmer, James Longstreet was born on January 8, 1821, in Edgefield District, South Carolina. A warm friendship with U.S. president Ulysses S. Grant, however, helped Longstreet attain numerous patronage positions in New Orleans.

He commanded Confederate troops during an early victory at Blackburn's Ford in July and played a minor role at the First Battle of Bull Run. All rights reserved. A Pennsylvania native, Buchanan began his political career in his home ...read more, James Madison (1751-1836) was a founding father of the United States and the fourth American president, serving in office from 1809 to 1817. Longstreet's displeasure with Lee at Gettysburg became the basis for which Early and his cohorts attacked him, and the campaign also served to absolve Lee of any responsibility for the defeat. Place of Birth: South Carolina, United States, Profession: military personnel, diplomat, military leader, Famous People's Birthdays on 08 January, United States, Famous People's Birthdays in January, United States, Famous People's Birthdays on 08 January, Indonesia, Famous People's Birthdays in January, Indonesia, Famous military personnel's Birthdays on 08 January, United States, Famous military personnel's Birthdays in January, United States, Famous diplomat's Birthdays on 08 January, United States, Famous diplomat's Birthdays in January, United States, Famous military leader's Birthdays on 08 January, United States, Famous military leader's Birthdays in January, United States, Famous military personnel's Birthdays on 08 January, Indonesia, Famous military personnel's Birthdays in January, Indonesia, Famous diplomat's Birthdays on 08 January, Indonesia, Famous diplomat's Birthdays in January, Indonesia, Famous military leader's Birthdays on 08 January, Indonesia, Famous military leader's Birthdays in January, Indonesia. Web. New Georgia Encyclopedia. Such criticism chafed Longstreet, but he was unable to defend himself well in writing. ...read more, James Buchanan (1791-1868), America’s 15th president, was in office from 1857 to 1861. A personality clash with Bragg later saw Longstreet’s forces moved to east Tennessee, where he unsuccessfully tried to take the city of Knoxville from Union General Ambrose Burnside. He would later serve as a commissary officer, scout and commander of a fort on the Texas frontier, often working closely with his new father-in-law. His I Corps delivered a crushing flank attack at Second Manassas; fought desperately along the Bloody Lane in Antietam, Maryland; and bloodily repulsed the Union assaults against the heights of Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1862. Thomas L. Connelly and Barbara L. Bellows. One of Robert E. Lee’s most trusted subordinates, Longstreet played a pivotal role in Confederate operations in both the Eastern and Western Theaters of the war. James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. He served under Lee as a corps commander for most of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, and briefly with Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. 28 September 2020. az amerikai polgárháború konföderációs, déli erőinek egyik legfontosabb tábornoka volt, Robert E. Lee tábornagy közvetlen beosztottja, aki legmegbízhatóbb hadtestparancsnokára „vén csataménem” névvel utalt.

He was wounded in the thigh at the Battle of Chapultepec, and afterward married his first wife, Louise Garland. Late in the war, Longstreet protected critical railroad lines while in command of forces entrenched between Richmond and the James River. His subordinate so adamantly opposed the July 3 attack that he could only nod when asked if his men should advance. In his memoirs, Longstreet calls it a "sad day", and records that a number of Northern officers attempted to persuade him not to go. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for James Longstreet Jr. (8 Jan 1821–2 Jan 1904), Find a Grave Memorial no. He would go on to serve in a variety of government positions, including a stretch as the U.S. ambassador to Turkey from 1880-81. He spent his first two years of service stationed in Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, where he met Maria Louisa “Louise” Garland, the daughter of a wealthy lieutenant colonel. He later returned to the field, serving under Lee in the Siege of Petersburg and the Appomattox Campaign. His reputation in the South further suffered when he led African-American militia against the anti-Reconstruction White League at the Battle of Liberty Place in 1874. In 1897 he married, More in Civil War & Reconstruction Figures, Media Gallery: James Longstreet (1821-1904). In 1865 he surrendered along with Robert E. Lee at Appomattox. He ably commanded troops during the Battle of the Wilderness in 1864, where he was seriously wounded by friendly fire. During the Battle of the Wilderness in May of that year, Longstreet was accidentally wounded by his own men.