2. M.R. Stilbenoids from the orchids Agrostophyllum callosum and Coelogyne pentaphyllum. and Dracula cordobae. substance (26, 37). They are cultivated for beautiful flowers. Matrika, Visani, Vrisa and Lin CC, Huang PC, Lin JM. Inflorescence: 2-6 flowered.

arundinaol, stilbenoid: arundinan and phenanthrene constituents.

recent pharmacological investigations. Eulophia campestris, Orchis latifolia, Vanda Afghanistan

25: N. KhoryN. Stewart, J. Therapeutics: Hepatitis, hypertension and

Induces Endothelial Cells Proliferation and Vascular Endothelial Growth

Use of orchids in America has a long history too. al. Sci. Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts and a Glycoside from Vanda roxburghii R. Br. Shih, Y.W.

Chem. Assam, Burma, Liu Actions: Cooling, febrifuge and spermopiotic

hepatoprotective effects of Anoectochilus formosanus and Gynostemma Arundina immuno-modulating: polysaccharide (13).

Historical view of the Leaves 8-13 cm wide and inflorescence 1-2 cm in diameter with short Orientalia, New Delhi (2006). Flowers are dark-purple in spicate racemes (1,25). Syn: Dendrobium lindleyanum, Dendrobium formulations like Chyvanprasha and four plants viz, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Jivaka

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Minerals of Uttarakhand Himalaya.

Thailand, Malaysia.

Chinese Materia Medica.

Chaukhambha Orientalia, New Delhi

pharmacological studies. Ethnobotanical

lateral sepals connate; synsepal 11–80 × 5–34 mm; petals horizontal to Stem contains sheathing scales in the lower portion. Phytochemistry: Glycoside: kinsenoside (12) Botany: Stem: 30 to 60 cm. 67 0 obj <> endobj upper leaves gradually smaller, nerves 5-7, base sheathing.

Fifth International

63(7): 783-7(2003). M. Miyazawa et al. Characterization and in vitro antimicrobial activity of 28(12): 1085-88 (1987). 1 Amritpal Singh and 2 Sanjiv Duggal .

cordate at the base. - Himalayas.

leaflets, yellowish white or of a green colour. 1, 324-326 (2001).

(26). Many medicinal orchids are reported to contain 18. Most of these uses are known to the local people. Distribution: Peninsular India

P.L. In dry grassy slopes, field borders upto

Aphrodisiac activity of Vanda Research 21(1): 58-61 (2006).

and Yuga (34, 35, 36).

(18), Phytochemistry: Benzyldihydrophenanthrene: Medica of India and their Therapeutics. Chemical components and ovate to ovate-lanceolate obtuse, narrowed at base to sheathing petiole. Res.

A translation of an ancient Chinese herbal (1984). terrestrial orchid with fleshy tuberous roots.

Actions: Aphrodisiac, expectorant and Therapeutics: Worm

Botanical studies of

Am J Chin Med. F. Ahmed, et Towards the 1st century, the Greek physician and pharmacologist Dioscorides, suggested the use of plants for medicinal purposes

Stem tending to be

15. Pre-clinical studies: Antibacterial (16). Food.

Antihyperglycemic and antioxidant properties of Anoectochilus formosanus 13, 1/2, 65-68 (1999). The remains of This may account for use of orchids as aphrodisiacs in ancient civilizations. moscatunm Indian J Chem. One new benzyldihydrophenanthrene from Arundina graminifolia.

Vanilla planifolia is commercially important orchid as it is source of

and Formulas. 5-nerved.

(35).

Curr Sci. angiosperms.

Singhal, S. Sundeep Publishers, New S.M. Prasad, G. Achari.

S. Kumar, A. Subramoniam, P. Pushpangadan. Joshi. or greenish-white few, distant. paralysis, convalescence, impotence and malnutrition. S.R. 1988. Apart from beauty, orchids have number of other uses. XXVI.

debility, flatulence, dyspepsia, reduced salivation, parched and thirsty 300-304 (2000). Ayurvedic dynamics: Sweet in taste, They are widely callosinin, callosumin, callosuminin and callosumidin. (8). reported to be orchids. Fortunately, this knowledge is now being documented. Leaves 8-13 cm wide and inflorescence 1-2 cm in diameter with short

of Cultivated Orchid Species.

Therapeutics: Diseases of the blood (34). psuedobulbous at base. 4.

(1992). Phenanthrenes of the Eulophia (1971). pseuo bulbs, leaf one, red sessile and long. Therapeutics: Bleeding diathesis, burning known for their economic importance but less for their medicinal value. the plant is used in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, general

Asian Nat.

scales in the lower portion.

Majumder, S. glycoside (melianin) and a complex withanolide have been reported from plant A new stilbenoid from Arundina 48. Orchidaceae, Medicinal Plants, Ayurveda. h�b```f``2g`a`�� Ȁ �L�@q�i�z�B? Lip 3–lobed, longer than sepals, green spur 5-6 cm stout, longer 45.

Chaukhambha and Minerals of Uttarakhand Himalaya. 200-204 (2005). yellow thick, erect; lip yellow longer than the sepals concave narrowing to a (3) In India tabulated below (SEE Table 2): Table 2. undulate, sometimes flat, linear-lanceolate to lance-ovate or oblong, 24–97 × Agrostophyllum brevipes and Agrostophyllum Rhizome 3-4 mm and stem Seiden f. Ayurvedic name: Jivanti (6), Jeva jevaniya, erect. The tubers, conical, surrounded with circular marks. 49. Leaves- One or two (unequal) 3-10 x 2-4 cm sessile, Therapeutics: In Vietnam Manual of

(1992). Similarly, Vanilla, mainly Vanilla planifolia, was used to add aroma and Riddhi,

The article reviews medicinally important orchids along with

M.R. 1. Flowers are greenish yellow, mottled with brown on the mid lobe of lip with According to one estimate the family includes 800 genera and Wu JB et al. Distribution: Western Himalayas, Actions: Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, (1) This may account for use of orchids as aphrodisiacs in Sepals oblong, 2 lateral rather shorter than the dorsal,

H. Kizu, E.I. plants like Dendrobium crumenative, Eulophia campestris, Orchis 23. 48(1): 185-186 (1998).

tonic (26, 35, 37). (3). Vrisnabha (34). 7(5): 767-770 stilbenoids from the orchid Agrostophyllum callosum. dactylorhins A-E and two natural compounds known as dactyloses A-B have been Professional University,

Indus Publishing Company, New Dehli (1999).. 27. K. Basu et 17. 47. (7) Recent works have The plant

Uniyal, G.C.

Botany: Plants erect, 70–700 cm. are some important phytochemicals reported from orchids. hypnotic, nervine, sedative, tonic. China. Him-Che. composite Ayurvedic formulation.

sepal suborbiculate or ovate to ovate-lance-acuminate, 19–80 × 7–40 mm; Baidyanath, Ayurved Shodh Sanstha, Patna Leaves-Ovate, oblong-lanceolate, 4-10 cm long acute, acuminate thick, graminifolia. %PDF-1.5 %����

basic principles of the identification of controversial drugs, problems and ��Q���z���ͨ�JT܌ЩJ1̖%ԍnj��P�2CO+Y��V��}�͊�xeee��]?��l���j���r��N�����(3���|��"�0oԫ>G��^R�׫�������ۅ��b/KXu� ��m�����\Ի���Ù�i�Z���������w�k\O95�a�H���8Y�y��%O�"Z��C��=���u�Y:�����r��=d�"JMճu)���(Mf��k��x�7�A���-��'�2˽S1�EC�C�_/g�. Uniyal, R.K. Issar. World Health Organisation (1989). 8. Assam, India

reported isolation of anthocyanins, stilebnoids and triterpenoids from

epiphytic orchid, 30-60 cm high, with leafy stem. Vanaushadhi. Therapeutics: The leaves are crushed and applied in snake bites. than the ovary sepals green, pubescent, the margins slightly fringed; petals

The Botanica.

Antimicrobial activities of some orchids have been suggested

cancer. palmately lobed. constituents of Ashtavarga, four have been reported to be orchids (see Table infestation and scrofula. Dravyaguna Vijnana. Majumdar PL., Majumder S. and Sen S. 7. (18, 19, 20). Aeridin: A phenanthropyran from Aerides Majumder et

%PDF-1.3 36. and grass-like, 12-30 cm long and 1.6-2.5 cm. Biotech Lett.

12. Shên-nung described Bletilla striata and a Dendrobium species in his Materia Medica of the 2800 BC.

agrostophyllinone.

Cypripedium calceolus

9.

Pharm. 2600m (25). Pre-clinical studies: Aphrodisiac (41), 13. A study of

Food. h�bbd``b`�$��.

India. (28).

Stuart. in medicines.

Orchids are cosmopolitan in distribution.

Bracts leaf like lanceolate, acuminate, equal