Your email address will not be published. The male North Sulawesi babirusa has two pairs of distinctive curved tusks. Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity). Endangered Species. Due to their growth rate and curvature, a male who fails to grind them regularly will die, as they will eventually pierce his own skull. It is endemic to the Togian Islands of Indonesia, but was considered a subspecies of Babyrousa babyrussa until 2002.

Babirusas mark their territory by “ploughing,” or putting their snouts deep in loose soil, kneeling and sliding forward while salivating. Tusks are most prominent in which sex of babirusa? It includes the highlands of Sulawesi.

Hippopotamuses are stout, naked-skinned, and semiaquatic artiodactyl mammals, possessing three-chambered stomachs and walking on four toes on each foot. A typical litter consists of 1 to 2 infants. Thes… Explore Wikis; Community Central; Start a Wiki; Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account?

It is the best-known of the 4 babirusa species. All members of this genus were considered part of a single species until 2002, the babirusa, B. babyrussa, but following that, was split into several species. All suids, or swine, are native to the Old World, ranging from Asia to Europe and Africa. Its closest relative is believed to be a European pig that went extinct 35 million years ago. Zoom out to see where it is in relation to the rest of the world! The ecoregion includes the lowlands of Sulawesi and neighboring islands.

Babirusas are members of the pig family, Suidae. Join our monthly newsletter! Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. It was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1870. Compared to the better-known north Sulawesi babirusa, the Togian babirusa is larger, has a well-developed tail-tuft, and the upper canines of the male are relatively "short, slender, rotated forwards, and always converge". Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. 5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity), 10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity), 10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity), 15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity), 5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity). One theory is that the lower tusks are used as weapons and the upper tusks provide protection for the animal’s face. Together with the other members of the genus Babyrousa , the North Sulawesi babirusa has usually been considered a subspecies of a widespread Babyrousa babyrussa , but recent work suggests that there may be several species, differentiable on the basis of geography, body size, amount of body hair, and the shape of the upper canine tooth of the male. Feeding Habits. You can see Sulawesi on the map below. The North Sulawesi babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like animal native to Sulawesi and some nearby islands (Lembeh, Buton and Muna) in Indonesia. The North Sulawesi babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like animal native to Sulawesi and some nearby islands (Lembeh, Buton and Muna) in Indonesia. These contain up to 8 individuals and include young and subadult animals. The North Sulawesi babirusa forages for food in soft sand and mud. You can see excellent footage of these strange-looking creatures in the video below: The North Sulawesi babirusa is a pig-like animal in the family Suidae (the family that contains all pigs, boars and warthogs). The male can be easily distinguished from the … While not truly prehistoric, it does have a long history with humans. The upper pair grows upwards, piercing the roof of the babirusa’s mouth and emerging from the top of its snout. This is more typical of ruminants (such as sheep) than of pigs, which have simple stomachs. Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. Males usually live solitary lives, while females typically live in groups, including the young. Suidae, or swine, are medium-sized animals with a stocky barrel-like body and thick, sparsely haired skin and a mobile snout. This is possibly as a result of human incursion into their traditional range. Register Start a Wiki. Babirusas mark their territory by “ploughing,” or putting their snouts deep in loose soil, kneeling and sliding forward while salivating. [4] [5] They emerge through the roof of the snout, while the long lower canines emerge through the side of the mouth. The North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like mammal from Sulawesi and several of the neighboring islands of Indonesia. Suidae are social, companionable, highly intelligent, creatures that love mud baths and foraging. The remarkable "prehistoric" appearance of these mammals is largely due to the prominent upwards incurving canine tusks of the males, which actually pierce the flesh in the snout. Subfossil remains from the south-western arm of Sulawesi, where now likely extinct, have been classified as Bola Batu babirusas, but these were considered unclassifiable in 2002, as were extant populations from the eastern arm of Sulawesi and Buton due to the lack of specimens. [4]. The Celebes warty pig, also called Sulawesi warty pig or Sulawesi pig, is a species in the pig genus (Sus) that lives on Sulawesi in Indonesia. All Rights Reserved. The Javan warty pig, also called Javan pig, is an even-toed ungulate in the family Suidae. North Sulawesi Babirusa LK 2017.

HABITAT:Moist forests and shores of rivers and lakes, DIET:Leaves, grasses, fallen fruit and fungi, THREATS:Excessive hunting and habitat loss, LIFE EXPECTANCY:Up to 24 yrs in human care. [1]. The female gives birth in a nest she has made from branches. History Talk (0) Comments Share. Add photo.

Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! The Bronx Zoo has an excellent breeding record for this animal, but it has also been bred at several other zoos such as St. Louis Zoo, Los Angeles Zoo, South Lakes Safari Zoo, Marwell Wildlife, Audubon Zoo and Chester Zoo. Native to China and Korea, there are two subspecies: the Chinese water deer and the Korean water deer. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1996. In 2006, a male North Sulawesi Babirusa and a female domestic pig were accidentally allowed to interbreed in the Copenhagen Zoo. North Sulawesi Babirusas have a height between 23”-26” (58-66 cm), body length of 33”-43” (85-110 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 100-220 lb (45-100 kg). The mouse-deer are restricted to Southeast Asia from far southern China to the Philippines (Balabac) and Java. Its principal foods, however, include roots, leaves, fruits, and insects. Female. This scientific name is restricted to the Buru babirusa from Buru and Sula, whereas the best-known species, the north Sulawesi babirusa, is named B. celebensis. The narwhal's straight single helical tusk, which grows out from the center of the mouth and is present only in the male, is an exception to the typical features of tusks described above. Whether or not it is still present on these islands is unknown. A young group of swine is called a drift, drove, or littler. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is virtually hairless, which reveals its gray skin.

The animal’s deer-like ‘horns’ aren’t horns at all; they’re elongated teeth that have grown straight though the babirusa’s nose. Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a 2,871 km2 (1,108 mi2) National Park on Minahassa Peninsula on Sulawesi island, Indonesia. The function of the tusks is not yet clear. In males, the relatively long and thick upper canines are strongly curved. In most tusked species both the males and the females have tusks although the males' are larger. During this time, males fight for the right to mate with multiple females. The phrase most likely originated in either Germany or Scotland since there are various examples of the expression being used to describe an occurrence that is not physically possible. The upper canines penetrate the top of the snout, curving back toward the foreh The North Sulawesi babirusa is endemic* to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Of the three species of babirusa, the Sulawesi babirusa is the largest.

Survival Adaptations. Habitat. It eats a variety of plant matter, including leaves, roots, various nuts, fruits and mushrooms. Range Instead the babirusa uses its hooves to dig for roots and insect larvae. Much of the scientific literature published prior to 2002 is on the Sulawesi babirusa, even though the scientific name B. babyrussa is used. Drawings include:
North Sulawesi Babirusa side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down), Wikipedia - - Suidae. The male can be easily distinguished from the female by his large, curving tusks. [2] It has two pairs of large tusks composed of enlarged canine teeth.

It is most highly active in the morning. Most experts agree that babirusas are part of the pig family, and are one of the oldest living members of the family, representing a subfamily, Babyrousinae, that branched off from the warthog branch of the pig family (Subfamily Phacochoerini) during the Oligocene or early Miocene. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig. The common and scientific names are various transcriptions of its local name, which literally translated means "pig-deer" (from Indonesian babi, "pig" + rusa, "deer" [3] – see also Javan rusa) in reference to the huge tusks of the male suggestive of a deer's antlers. It is the only member of the genus Elaphodus. Wild pigs typically eat flowers, fruits, leaves, grass, roots, mushrooms, tree bark. The Sulawesi montane rain forests is a tropical moist forest ecoregion in Indonesia. American Badger Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Rodent Facts: The Ultimate Guide To The Order Rodentia, Scary Animals List With Pictures & Facts Plus FREE Printable Halloween Animal Quiz, Mosasaur Facts, Pictures & Information: Get The Lowdown On A Fearsome Prehistoric Marine Reptile.

What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates? The North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like mammal from Sulawesi and several of the neighboring islands of Indonesia.