The soldier’s primary group consists of his comrades in the squad or platoon or gun crew. My discussion in the latter part of this lecture on ideological convictions deals with initial motivation—the reason many of these men enlisted in the first place—and sustaining motivation—their convictions about what they were fighting for, convictions that kept them going and motivated many of them to reenlist. I will say I do not wish to die . Thus Lincoln did not issue the Emancipation Proclamation untill after 2 years of fighting (January 1863). America had along with the German states the best public education system in the world. Who desires peace while such an institution as slavery exists among us?”, But this question badly divided Union soldiers, especially during the six or eight months surrounding Lincoln’s issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.

What motivated them to fight and if necessary to die—a fate suffered by more than 600,000 of them? Company “A” 9th Indiana Infantry. . Soldiers’ letters and diaries contain much evidence of other kinds of motivation for fighting: for example leadership, especially leadership by example of officers who would not ask their men to do anything they were not willing to do themselves; the motives of defending hearth and home against an invading enemy, and of revenge against a foe that has ravaged one’s country, which of course … I know no one will say that I behaved cowardly in the least.” An Ohio soldier confessed in his diary that he was shaking like a leaf before he went into his first action, but he was determined nevertheless to “stand up to my duties like a man, let the consequences be as they might. . Marshall, put it in his book Men Against Fire: “No man wants to die; what induces him to risk his life bravely?” It is not “belief in a cause”; “when the chips are down, a man fights to help the man next to him. During the Civil War, the U.S. Congress passes a conscription act that produces the first wartime draft of U.S. citizens in American history. . Let our last entrenchments be our graves before we will be conquered.” He got his wish—at Chickamauga. Northners on the other hand had a union to preserve. It contributed to a severe morale crisis in Union armies during the winter of 1862–63. Few people in both th North and South understood the leahality of war with the weapons developed, but this soon became apparent. [Families and youth] Many Civil War historians have accessed this resource. The use of National Guard divisions meant that this tragedy alo occurred in World War I and II.